Origin and History
This regiment of dragoons was raised in 1675. The count of Apchon became his colonel by commission on 29 November 1748, then it was Armand Charles François, marquis of Nicolaï of Osny that obtained this office on 20 February 1761 until 5 June 1763 (one of his parent, the marquis of Nicolaï had possessed a first time this regiment from 1727 to 1744. The regiment was transformed in 1787 and became Chasseurs de Franche Comté and took the number 4.
Biographies and Arms
Antoine Maurice, count of Apchon. Born on 9 April 1714. Page of the King on 7 May 1729, captain of Condé dragoons on 5 November 1733, then colonel of his own dragoon regiment on 29 November 1748. Promoted brigadier by patent on 15 August 1758 and marshal of camp on 20 February 1761. In 1762 was elevated governor of the duke of Bourbon unique son of the prince of Condé.
Service during the Seven Years War
In 1757, the regiment was with the Soubise army, it heavy suffered at Rosbach. Retired in Hesse in the county of Hanau.
In 1758 distingushed at the combats of Lutzelberg and Sunderhausen.
Participated in the battle of Bergen on 13 April 1759, on 19 April with the chasseurs de Fischer and ?? dragoons crushed Hanoverian Grenadier and prussian dragoons of Finkenstein, taking two flags. On 26 June expeled the enemy from Debrucke, in the night on 11 to 12 July they saved 400 Carabineers imprudently involved in a pursuit of the enemy, that they went to expel from Holtzhausen. On 1st August 1759 they were at Minden.
During the next campaigns they were at Corbach Warbourg.
During the 1762 campaign distinguised at Johannisberg but suffered heavy losses.
Distinctive of uniforms and saddle cloth
1750 ordonnance: red coat, cuffs, lining and waistcoat . Red housing and holster-caps edged with a blue and aurore checked wool braid. Mixed blue and aurore epaulet and sabre-strap. Red fatigue cap and turn-up laced as the housing.
1757 ordonnance (E.M.1759-1760): red coat, lining and waistcoat . Sky blue cuffs, waistcoat with sky blue lapels.
Drummers and oboes
Drummers wore the Apchon livery and then the Nicolaï livery, both unknown.
Nevertheless according to the usage in the seventeenth century from gentlemen to gave their flags and saddle cloth in their colours livery, concerning the Nicolaï House, Lémau in the État militaire from 1730 to 1740 gave for his regiment: green flags and green housing laced with a withe braid, then it was probable that the livery of this House had a green ground colour white laced.
Green silk flags, obverse with gold sun in splendor with the Royal motto on a scroll with red background, blue lining and the silver words "NEC PLURIBUS IMPAR" , reverse unknown design, gold fringed.