Origin and History

This regiment of dragoons was raised in 1675. The count of Apchon became his colonel by commission on 29 November 1748, then it was Armand Charles François, marquis of Nicolaï of Osny that obtained this office on 20 February 1761 until 5 June 1763 (one of his parent, the marquis of Nicolaï had possessed a first time this regiment from 1727 to 1744. The regiment was transformed in 1787 and became Chasseurs de Franche Comté and took the number 4.

Biographies and Arms

Antoine Maurice, count of Apchon. Born on 9 April 1714. Page of the King on 7 May 1729, captain of Condé dragoons on 5 November 1733, then colonel of his own dragoon regiment on 29 November 1748. Promoted brigadier by patent on 15 August 1758 and marshal of camp on 20 February 1761. In 1762 was elevated governor of the duke of Bourbon unique son of the prince of Condé.

Arms of the Apchon House were:
gold, sown with azure fleur-de-lis.
(d'or, semé de fleur-de-lis d'azur).

Aimar Jean of Nicolaï, marquis of Goussainville, lord of Osny, son of Jean Aimar, 1st President of the accounts chamber of Paris and Françoise Elisabeth of Lamoignon his 2nd wife. Born on 13 April 1709, captain then colonel of his own dragoon regiment on 15 August 1727. As had done his father he left the army for the magistrature in July 1731 admitted Counselor to the parliament of Paris and Commissioner of the request of the palace on 3 August 1731, he obtained in survival the office of 1st President of the accounts chamber on 18 December 1731 and in title on 5 April 1734 by resignation of his father. He died on 25 March 1785 in Paris.

Arms of Nicolaï of Osny House were:
azure shield, with a silver running greyhound,
gules gorged, gold bordered and buckled.
(d'azur au lévrier courant d'argent, coleté de gueules,
bordé et bouclé d'or).  

Service during the Seven Years War

In 1757, the regiment was with the Soubise army, it heavy suffered at Rosbach. Retired in Hesse in the county of Hanau.

In 1758 distingushed at the combats of Lutzelberg and Sunderhausen.

Participated in the battle of Bergen on 13 April 1759, on 19 April with the chasseurs de Fischer and ?? dragoons crushed Hanoverian Grenadier and prussian dragoons of Finkenstein, taking two flags. On 26 June expeled the enemy from Debrucke, in the night on 11 to 12 July they saved 400 Carabineers imprudently involved in a pursuit of the enemy, that they went to expel from Holtzhausen. On 1st August 1759 they were at Minden.

During the next campaigns they were at Corbach Warbourg.

During the 1762 campaign distinguised at Johannisberg but suffered heavy losses.

Distinctive of uniforms and saddle cloth

1750 ordonnance: red coat, cuffs, lining and waistcoat . Red housing and holster-caps edged with a blue and aurore checked wool braid. Mixed blue and aurore epaulet and sabre-strap. Red fatigue cap and turn-up laced as the housing.

1757 ordonnance (E.M.1759-1760): red coat, lining and waistcoat . Sky blue cuffs, waistcoat with sky blue lapels.


Housing colours


Drummers and oboes

Drummers wore the Apchon livery and then the Nicolaï livery, both unknown.

Nevertheless according to the usage in the seventeenth century from gentlemen to gave their flags and saddle cloth in their colours livery, concerning the Nicolaï House, Lémau in the État militaire from 1730 to 1740 gave for his regiment: green flags and green housing laced with a withe braid, then it was probable that the livery of this House had a green ground colour white laced. 

Regimental flags


Green silk flags, obverse with gold sun in splendor with the Royal motto on a scroll with red background, blue lining and the silver words "NEC PLURIBUS IMPAR" , reverse unknown design, gold fringed.