Origin and history

This regiment belonged during almost a century to the same Bauffremont House, since its creation in 1673 until 1773 (exepted between 1685 and 1696).

The different mestre de camp were:
Charles Paul of Bauffremont, marquis of Listenois raised this regiment on 14 September 1673, he died at the battle of Saint François at Entheim on 4 October 1674
Pierre of Bauffremont, marquis of Listenois on 14 November 1674
Jean Ferdinand, count of Grammont on 30 August 1685
N. of Pessac on 3 January 1696
Jacques Antoine of Bauffremont, marquis of Listenois on 20 May 1699 (he was killed the 24 September 1710 during an exit from the city of Aire)
Louis Benigne of Bauffremont, marquis of Bauffremont in 1710
Louis of Bauffremont, (prince of Bauffremont in 1757) on 4 December 1730
Charles Roger of Bauffremont, knight of Listenois on 2 June 1744
Louis of Bauffremont, prince of Bauffremont on 5 May 1747 (second period)
Charles Eugène of Lorraine, prince of Lambesc on 3mars 1773
Joseph Marie of Lorraine, prince of Vaudemont on 10 March 1785
Louis Jean David of Tresor of Bactot on 10 March 1788.

Biographies and arms

Louis of Bauffremont of Listenois, eldest son of Louis Benigne Marquis of Bauffremont, prince of Listenois, general lieutenant and Hélène of Courtenay. Born on 21 September 1712, lieutenant reformed on 6 July 1723, then captain on 13 January 1728 of his father's dragoon regiment which it became colonel on 4 December 1730. Created brigadier by patent on1st January 1740 and marshal of camp by other on 2 April 1744. In May 1744 he resigned one's regiment to the benefit of his brother Charles Roger. The regiment was restored by commission on 5 May 1747. Lieutenant général of the King's armies on 10 May 1748. He was appointed governor of Seyssel by provision on 8 June 1736 and knight of honor of the Franche Comté government. It died in Paris on 13 May 1769. He obtained the Cross of the Malta Order in March 1757. Elevated to Prince of the Holy Empire with his brothers and descendants by diploma gave at Vienne on 8 June 1757.
The Great Master and the Council of the Malta Order granted to him and his woman, the permission to bore the Cross of Malta in March 1757, and in October the Emperor promoted them Prince of the Holy Empire, therefore the Marquis of Bauffremont joined his name and his arms to these of the Gorrevod House whose the new prince descended by women.

The arms of the Bauffremont House were
: vairy of gold and gules (red)


The device of this House was " DIEU AIDE AU PREMIER CHRETIEN "


Louis of Bauffremont from October 1757 when he became prince of the Holy Empire joined to his arms those of his woman, consequently they were:

quarterly: 1, vairy of gold and gules (Bauffremont); 2, of gules with a gold eagle (Vienne), charged with a shield of sable and three heads of leopard in silver(Listenois); 3, of azure with ten bezants in silver, four, three, two, one (Villelume); 4, of azure with a gold chevron(Gorrevod)


Service during the seven years war

Service during the seven years war The regiment was from 1757 to 1758 along the French coasts.
It leaved them for Germany where it participated to the campaigns from 1759 to 1761.
It returned to French coasts in 1762

Distinctive of uniforms and saddle cloth

The ordonnance of 1750 indicated: red coat, waistcoat, lining and cuffs . Red ousing and holster-caps edged with a (ventre de biche) light yellow ochre wool braid as for epaulet and sabre-strap. Red fatigue cap and turn-up laced with a " ventre de biche " braid.

The ordonnance of 1757 according to the 1759 and 1760 État Militaire gave: Red coat, waistcoat and lining. " Ventre de biche " cuffs. Waistcoat with " ventre de biche " lapels. White buttons.


Housing colours


Drummers and oboe:

Drummers wore the Bauffremont House livery, Delaistre had reproduced in 1720 a trumpet dressed with this livery : " Ventre de biche " coat laced with a white plain braid.

Flags colours


Blue silk flags, obverse with gold sun in splendor with the Royal motto on a scroll with red background, blue lining and the silver words "NEC PLURIBUS IMPAR" , reverse " vairy of gold and gules " with on a scroll the war-cry of the Beauffremont House " DIEU AIDE AU PREMIER CHRETIEN " , gold embroidered and fringed.

Note that Lémau in 1730 gave three red flags with a sown of gold bells, it was another heraldic manner to call the vair which was the colour of the arms of the Beaufremont House.